Natural Resources

Natural Resources

Introduction

The Department of Natural Resources comprises of the Natural Resources Office, the Lands and Physical Planning Office as well as the Forestry, Environment & Wetlands Office. It is charged with the responsibility of ensuring sustainable and productive utilisation of natural resources for poverty reduction, enhanced economic growth and improved livelihoods. The major causes of the deterioration the quality and the quantity of the natural resource base is associated with human activity. There is massive deforestation particularly on privately owned land where most of the districts tree resources are. This is closely followed by wetland degradation as a result of cultivation of crops. Other threats are soil erosion whose magnitude and impact has never been quantified.

      7.1 Environmental Sanitation

   Number of solid waste collection points:       3

   Number of landfills:                                   0

   Length of storm water drains functional:                    Data not available

   Number of solid waste disposal points in LG:             0

   Number of abattoirs:                                       1

   Number of abattoirs that meet specifications:            0

   Number of abattoirs with disposable lagoons:            0

 

    Waste Management

Table 7.1: Waste management (particularly for urban) as of 2016

Waste management type

 

Number

Bunkers

 

2

 

 

2

Garbage trucks

 

 

Refuse skips

 

0

Land fills

 

0

Dumping sites

 

0

Placenta pits

 

1

Incinerators

 

2

 

 

0

Rubbish pits

 

 

Source: District Natural Resources Office

           

Tree planting

   Number of nursery beds established and maintained:    1

   Number of trees planted (in calendar year 2016):    36,802

   Number of commercial tree growers:                        20

 

Charcoal burning

   Number of licensed charcoal dealers:            10

   Number of licensed timber dealers:   6

7.2       State of Wetlands         

   Number of rivers and lakes: ----- Rivers        0 Lakes

   Percentage of wetlands used for papyrus harvesting: (grass) 38%

   Reclamation for human settlement and activities: (agriculture + livestock) 80%

   Water pollution etc. 40%

7.3. Land management

Land use

   Percentage of land under agriculture:      70%

   Percentage of land under commercial farming:  01%

   Percentage of land occupied by forest reserves:     5.7%

7.4       Forestry

7.4.1.   Natural and Planted Forests

7.4.2.   Types of Forests

Table 7.3:    Type of forests by Acreage

Type of Forest            

 

Size

Natural  Forests            

 

19,333Hectares

Plantations                  

 

1,000 Hectares

                               

 

 

Central Forest Reserves

 

15,258.25 Hectares

District/Local Forest reserves   

 

10 Hectares

Private forest reserves           

 

0

Source: District Natural Resources Office

Table 7.4: Local Forest Reserves

Category of forest

Location

Area(Ha)

Date when gazetted

Eucalyptus plantation

 

 

N/A

Eucalyptus plantation

Kibaale T/C

03

1932

Eucalyptus plantation

 

 

N/A

Savannah woodland

 

 

N/A

Total

 

03

N/A

 Source: Forest Department

Table 7.5:  Gazetted Forest Reserves

Name of forest

Area in acres

Date gazetted

Kanaga

1606.15

1932

Kijuna

3026.975

1932

Muhunga

985.929

1932

Nyabigoye

1223.145

1932

Nyabiku

877.205

1932

Nyakarongo

8734.985

1932

Rukara

8734.985

1932

Kagombe

1265.78

1932

 Source: District State of Environment Report

                              

Table 7.6: Distribution of Forest Reserves by category

Category of forest reserve

 

Area (ha)

Central Forest Reserves

15,258.25

Local Forest Reserves

NIL

Source: Forest Department

 

7.4.3 Central Forest Reserves

 

Table 7.7: Central Forests by location by size

Name of forest

Name of sub county

Size of natural forest

(Acreage)

Common Tree Species

Kanaga

Nyamarunda

1,606.15

Antiaris,Albizia

Kijuna

Kyebando

3026.98

Fantumia,antiaris

Muhunga

Kyebando

985.29

Bligia,Fantumia,antaiaris

Nyabigoye

Matale

1223.15

Fantumia,Antiaris,Bligia

Nyabiku

Nyamarunda

877.205

Antiaris,Bligia,Albizia

Rukara

Mugarama

1,265.78

Fantumia,albizia,Olea

Kagombe

Kyebando

20,999.18

Oleo,Blizia,Antiaris

Source: Forest Department

 

Table 7.8: Central Forest Reserves and Status of Degradation

Name of forest

Area(Ha)

Degraded

Deforestation

 

 

Ha

Percentage

Ha

Percentage

Kanaga

650

325

50%

325

50%

Kijuna

1225

306.25

25%

306.25

25%

Muhunga

399

99.75

25%

99.75

25%

Nyabigoye

475

49.5

10%

49.5

10%

Nyabiku

355

35.5

10%

35.5

10%

Nyakarongo

3535

707

20%

707

20%

Kagombe

8498.25

5948.78

70%

5948.25

70%

TOTAL

15,175.25

7471.78

 

7471.78

 

Source: Forest Department

7.4.4   Private Forests in the District

 

Conclusion: There is high rate of deforestation in private forests compared to central forest reserves. The forest department does not have fully registered private forests following right procedures for private forest registration and most of the forest activities are on private forests.